How to Own and Manage a Fish Farm

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Owing a fish farm begins by knowing some necessary steps and conditions to start up with before sitting up a fish farm business. Before you could own and manage a fish farm, you must be a serious and a focus minded person although there some unique fact and future that must be put in place before venturing into fish farming.
Some of these futures are listed below:

Good Location
Availability of water Pond
Availability of fish seed Size
Availability of fish feed
Availability of market
Availability of labour
Hatchery location


Good Location
Location or area plays a very important role while deciding the type of Pond to be used or constructed. For instance a swampy environment is useful in construction of earth pond. When the site located for fish farm is swampy, earthen pond will be the most fitted. Mainly when the site located is not swampy but the soil has a high water retaining capacity, earthen pond can also be ideal for such site. A bushy forest with lot of trees may cost a lot of money and must be avoided if the chosen site has water, it will be of more advantage. Earthen pond is cheaper to construct and has high productivity in terms of fish culture. Note! that concrete pond is another best option for training fish when there is a good sources for water.

For you to own and manage a fish farm effectively, water must be considered first. Fishes are aquatic animals and they depend on water for their survival. So, there are suppose to be a very good source of water that either come from; rivers, stream, lake, spring and a good boreholes. Always remember that the quality of the water must be put into consideration (that is, must be free from pollutant, colour, small and taste) before establishing a pond.

A pond is an artificial habitat made by man to culture aquatic life. In the contact of
fishery, it is an artificial habitat made my man to culture aquatic animals (fish). It is properly designed and constructed to suit the domestication of fish.
If you are choosing a water logged environment as a result of high cost of land acquisition, it is necessary to use the earthen pond system because it is cheaper and more economical. Concrete pond can be constructed or built in any chosen site apart from heavy swampy area to avoid high cost in construction. In building or constructing concrete pond, the farmer should make provision for bore hole for water supply or alternatively buy water. A little or total shade must be provided.

Before going into the fish farm business, you must consider the availability of seeds. There are different types of fish seed (fries, fingerlings, post fingerling, Juvenile etc) that are available in the market or even in the natural environment. The choices are dependent on the kind of fish you want to culture.
Note: The fish seeds must be the fast growing type so that you can start making sales at least by seven months time for maximum return (profit).

The size of your fish farm is dependent on the availability of fund you can input. The bigger the input the greater the output (income) you earn.

The availability of fish feed for your fish to grow well, they need adequate feed either locally made feed or foreign feed. Farm should be located in an area where there are availability fish feed will not be a problem.

Fish farm should be located in an area where marketing of harvested fishes will pose little or no problem to the producer. Areas where there are high populations will provide a faster and a better market for the producer.
NOTE; if you site your fish farm in a rural or underdeveloped area, the producers will be faced with marketing problem. The buyers from developed city may not want to pay the going market price for your product. Some many even insist that for them to come and buy from you, you will bear the cost of transportation, or provide the transport for evacuating the fish to the market. This is an additional cost that will further reduce your profit. During raining seasons, it may become more difficult for buyers to get to the location. So, it’s better and more profitable to site your fish farm in a developing or developed city for maximum profitability.

The type of fish farming system you are operating will determine the number of laborers’ that will be needed. A modern fish farm does not need too much people.

The hatchery location should not be too far from the farm, especially when the farm is not into hatchery or spawning. Fingerlings are very fragile and these leads to death when moving fingerlings from the hatchery location to the nursery pond



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